However, the great diversity of vaginal microbiota in women with BV affects its potential to develop preterm birth and other negative outcomes in pregnancy (Hyman et al., 2014; Nelson et al., 2015) and it becomes BV treatment in pregnant women a challenging task (Haahr et al., 2016). Despite of its high impact, few epidemiological studies on BV have been conducted in Portugal (Guerreiro, Gigante & Teles, 1998; Silva et al., 2014; Machado et al., 2015). Specifically, there is no information related to the prevalence of BV among Portuguese pregnant women. As such, we set this first epidemiological study aimed to determine the prevalences of BV and of G. Vaginalis vaginal colonization in Portuguese pregnant women. During prenatal care consultation, obstetricians invited all eligible women under their care to participate in the study. All participants signed the informed consent form, as approved by the respective local ethical committees.
For the Portuguese, family loyalty comes before other social relationships, even business. Higher prevalence of colonization with Gardnerella vaginalis and gram-negative anaerobes in patients with recurrent miscarriage and elevated peripheral natural killer cells. Prevalence and distribution of Gardnerellavaginalis subgroups in women with and without bacterial vaginosis. In silico vs in vitro analysis of primer specificity for the detection of Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae and Lactobacillus spp. Targeted PCR for detection of vaginal bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis. Mycoplasma, bacterial vaginosis-associated bacteria BVAB3, race, and risk of preterm birth in a high-risk cohort.
Table manners are continental; hold the fork in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating. Portuguese culture was greatly influenced by the dominance of the Catholic Church and the traditional Christian values. This influence is still present in contemporary etiquette in Portugal. They don’t easily accept innovation and radical changes both in the community and the family.
As out-dated as it seems, people are fashion conscious and believe that clothes indicate social standing and success. For this very reason, they take great pride in wearing quality fabrics and clothes and will invest their money in buying the best they can afford.
Worldwide, bacterial vaginosis is considered to be one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders of reproductive-age women and one of the most common causes of vaginal symptoms, prompting women to seek medical care . This vaginal infection is microbiologically characterized by the replacement of a Lactobacillus-dominated vaginal microbiota by variable mixtures of strictly and facultative anaerobic bacteria including Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae and Mobiluncus spp. The complex vaginal flora of West African women with bacterial vaginosis. Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and correlation of clinical to Gram stain diagnostic criteria in low risk pregnant women. Sociodemographic, medical, reproductive, behavioral and microbiological variables among women with or without BV. All I Want is an initiative of the Ministry of Culture, in partnership with Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, presented on the occasion of the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the European Union 2021.
- Vaginalis was significantly higher than many previous studies, confirming that G.
- Prevalence and distribution of Gardnerellavaginalis subgroups in women with and without bacterial vaginosis.
- Sociodemographic, medical, reproductive, behavioral and microbiological variables among women with or without BV.
- Through this patchwork of references, Rego addresses the recurrent themes of asymmetric power relations and gendered experiences, as she revisits the national, religious and sexual politics of the country she left behind.
A short standardized questionnaire was used to collect these data. Finally, the obstetricians collected vaginal samples , using sterile swab containing Amies transport medium with coal . After collection, the swabs were immediately conserved at 4 °C and transported to the Laboratory navigate to this web-site of Research in Biofilms Rosário Oliveira of the University of Minho, where they were processed. This is the first epidemiological study conducted in Portugal with the aim to assess the prevalence of BV among pregnant women, as well as to identify risk factors for BV and G.
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Also, count the number of flowers you bring; 13 is an unlucky number. Reserve blooms of this color for your lover or partner advises one Expatica reader based in Portugal. When you receive a gift, keep in mind that the Portuguese consider it polite to open the gift when received. Gifts are normally not exchanged at business meetings, but small gifts may be appropriate at the successful conclusion of negotiations. Women usually wear dresses, and men’s clothing is based primarily around a jacket and tie. Business etiquette dictates suits and ties or sports jackets and ties for men. Women wear dresses, skirts, and jackets or trouser suits.
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Vaginalis, BV was diagnosed in only 3.88% of studied population. This BV prevalence rate is much lower than that reported by other Portuguese studies (Guerreiro, Gigante & Teles, 1998; Machado et al., 2015). Indeed, Guerreiro, Gigante & Teles detected a BV prevalence of 7% among 840 contraceptive users living in Lisbon region while Machado et al. found a BV rate of 17.33%, among 150 young Portuguese women. Despite the lower cases of pregnant women with BV reported in this study, our results were consistent with other European studies. Cristiano et al. described a BV prevalence rate of 4.9% in 1,441 Italian pregnant women while Gratacós and co-workers found BV in 4.5% among 492 Spanish women with low risk pregnancies.
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Despite the lower number of women with BV, prevalence ratios and association with risk factors were similar to recent European studies. Vaginalis was significantly higher than many previous studies, confirming that G. Vaginalis colonization does not always lead to BV development. Contrasting with the very low prevalence of BV, in our study population, we found a G. Vaginalis not associated to BV has been reported elsewhere (Cox et al., 2016; Janulaitiene et al., 2017). Vaginalis colonization rates much lower than ours (Pépin et al., 2011; Schwebke, Flynn & Rivers, 2014; Silva et al., 2014). These differences might be the result of significant different populations at study.
Asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis and intermediate flora as risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome. Sociodemographic, medical, reproductive, behavioral and microbiological variables among women with or without G. The purpose of the exhibition is to highlight the significant contribution of Portuguese women artists to Portuguese culture and beyond, from the perspective of their experiences, works, contacts and, ultimately, their impact within the transnational context. It focuses on a group of women who, from the 1950s, have created a wide-ranging body of work whilst living for extended periods outside Portugal. During their time abroad, these women established relationships and collaborations not only with other expatriate Portuguese artists but also with a wider European artistic community. The Taylorian’s exhibition displays publications primarily held by the Taylor Institution Library, showing the artistic production of Lourdes Castro, Menez, Paula Rego, Maria Velho da Costa and Ana Hatherly. The material on view highlights the tension between the terms roots and routes while also suggesting the connections between different moments and places, and the creation of identities in transit.
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In 1962 she began working on her ‘projected shadow’ works. Beginning with collaged objects these developed into paintings of Castro’s and her friends’ projected shadows.
Vaginalis prevalence among Portuguese pregnant women were determined. We aimed to determine the prevalence of vaginal colonization by Gardnerella vaginalis and of bacterial vaginosis in Portuguese pregnant women, and to identify risk factors for BV and G.
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Abortion can be performed on-demand during the first ten weeks of pregnancy, and at later stages only for specific reasons (rape, risk of birth defects, risk to woman’s health). However, obtaining a legal abortion is often difficult in practice, because many doctors refuse to perform abortions as Portugal remains a country where the Catholic tradition has a significant influence. The age at first marriage in 2012 was 29.9 years for women and 31.4 years for men. Cohabitants have rights under laws dealing with de facto unions in Portugal. It was also under the Estado Novo that Maria Teresa Cárcomo Lobo politician and jurist, became the first woman to hold office in Portugal. She was also deputy of the Assembleia Nacional of the First Portuguese Republic, during the XI legislature. The women’s movement is considered to have started with the establishment of the Conselho Nacional das Mulheres Portuguesas, which was founded in 1914 during the First Portuguese Republic.
- Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.
- If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room.
- It is only a matter of the kind of romance that is totally different portugal woman in all those countries.
- It is a crime against humanity to a Portuguese person if you don’t at least understand the language.
Since it is a noun, it takes the masculine article – o obrigado – and it will not change whether you are a woman or a man, because it is no longer an adjective. This is used to say “thank you” as “I give my thanks to…”. So, when someone says “agradecido”, they are actually saying “I am thankful”. Like with “obrigado”, if you are a men you use the word ending in “o” and if you are a woman, you use the one ending in “a”. If you thought that giving the word a diminutive, as seen above, is all we can do, you were not right. By saying “Obrigadão”, we are kind of saying “Big thank you”. This particle “ão” makes the adjective sound “bigger”, which can also mean your gratefulness is bigger.
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Most of the national women’s team players were evacuated to Australia in August. Log in to follow creators, like videos, and view comments. Traditionally, in Portugal, as in other countries, politics was considered the domain of men. Abortion laws in Portugal were liberalized on April 10, 2007, after the 2007 Portuguese abortion referendum.
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The woman claims she spotted the missing girl, who would now be a teenager, in a shop speaking German to someone else. But there is a paradox about Portuguese people we can’t understand. Portuguese people are very slow and they respect rest, so don’t plan anything from noon until 3 PM. If a foreigner is accepted in such a group, they have to be very careful when choosing new friends. If they invite someone the group doesn’t like, the relationship with the group will most likely end. Despite the fact that there are only 10 million people in Portugal, this country draws a lot of attention from tourists. This is partially because of the town Nazaré where you can see 65 ft tall waves from October to February.
One of those words, has to be “thank you“, because natives will be happy to know that you went all the way to learn a word that shows how thankful you are. It’s necessary to be open and sensible in regards to the dedication that goes into constructing a company but show that entrepreneurship and household are appropriate. We need to increase the quantity and visibility of feminine position fashions.
If all you do is follow headlines and instagram for your music news, chances are you’re missing tons of valuable articles, news, events and new releases that may inspire you. Discover more about the world’s greatest music by following music specific news websites and blogs. These are people with the same passion for music as their audience. They know that music news needs its own space, and these blogs are great for discovering new artists and bands to add to your collection of favorite music. With powerful new releases from Kanye West, Drake and Lil Nas X flooding the airwaves, they’re unique brand of style is also taking an influence.
You will only need to buy clamps matching your car model. Dashcams are cameras that you mount on the dashboard of your vehicle, typically looking out through the windshield. It is one of the best ways to keep your car and yourself safe. It can help you monitor your driving habits or those of people who drive your car. You may also use https://cupidbrides.com/ them for recording road safety and other road-related incidents. You have to warn people before you introduce them to your family. It’s rare that Portuguese women don’t live with their mothers until they find a spouse, and even once they do get married, it’s not uncommon for their mother to move in with her daughter and her husband.